Research 3095Research is a mixed urban and rural locality 24 km. north-east of Melbourne, immediately east of Eltham..
In 1855-6 gold was found in a gully in the Research district, then known as Swipers Gully. Mining lapsed after the initial rush, but was begun again when the gully was re-searched in 1861. The district became known as Research Gully, and later as Research. Settlement of the district by small farmers followed the decline of goldmining.
In 1889 the community of orchardists, tradespeople and labourers succeeded in getting a primary school opened, which was also used for church services and community meetings. Some small mining operations and tree felling for fire-wood continued. Grazing and poultry-keeping continue until the present day.
The postwar growth of Eltham impinged on Research. Some residential growth spilled over, and additions were made to the school. The commercial centre remains small. The Eltham Performing Arts Centre and the Eltham College are in Research.
The census populations of Research have been 110 (1911) and 346 (1954).
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