Balmattum 3666Balmattum is a pastoral district north-east of Melbourne between Euroa and Violet Town. It was named after Balmattum Hill, a small range immediately south-west of Euroa.
If the range is viewed from Faithfulls Creek, on which Balmattum is situated, it resembles a man lying on his back. It is thought that Balmattum is derived from an Aboriginal word meaning man lying n his back.
Balmattum was part of the Seven Creeks pastoral run north-east of Euroa. In the 1860s the area was opened up for selection. A school was opened in 1863 and named Duck Ponds, which is a neighbouring locality. A Presbyterian church was opened in 1878. At various times there have been a post office, a hotel, a butter factory, a blacksmith's and a grocery shop.
Balmattum is situated on flat, relatively treeless country, approximately near the railway line. Balmattum East is closer to a timbered range south-east of the Hume Freeway.
Other farming localities north of Balmattum include Miepoll, Moglonemby and Riggs Creek.
Balmattum school closed in 1951.
The census populations were 325 (1911) and 151 (1961).
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