Gruyere 3770Gruyere is a rural area 43 km. east of Melbourne, extending eastwards from Coldstream to the Yarra River. The name was adopted at the suggestion of local Swiss vigneron, Paul de Castella.
In common with the Lilydale and Coldstream district its agricultural origins were mixed grazing, dairying and viticulture. Orchards were planted as spreading urbanisation displaced fruit growing in Montrose and Mooroolbark in the postwar years. The undulating western part of Gruyere has numerous watercourses, several draining from the more hilly eastern part on which there is the Yarraloch Wildlife Reserve.
The Gruyere district gained its first school in 1876, which was transferred to a site originally named Gruyere South (1889) and later renamed Gruyere. The school is the main building in the "township", which also has a recreation reserve and a hall.
The census populations of Gruyere have been 169 (1911), 87 (1954) and 680 (1991).
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