Barmah 3639

Barmah is a rural village and district on the Murray River in northern Victoria, 23 km. north-east of Echuca and 23 km. west of Nathalia. The journey from Nathalia is more direct than the one from Echuca. It is renowned for the Barmah State Forest, which has one section adjoining the village and a more extended section to the east.

It is thought that the name derives from an Aboriginal word paama, meaning meeting place. Whether or not that is accurate, there is evidence that the Barmah forest was inhabited by a large Aboriginal population and was a plentiful source of food.

In 1863-4 the railway line from Bendigo to Echuca was built, and consumed large volumes of sleepers cut from the red gums in the Barmah forest. A punt began operation, joining the tracks from Echuca to Yarrawonga where they crossed the Murray River. In 1886 a town was surveyed on rising ground near the punt, and the resulting Barmah village became a river outlet for wool from surrounding pastoral stations. It also became the shipping point for railway sleepers cut for domestic use and for export to India and New Zealand.

Despite expressions of concern about unsustainable timber harvesting as early as 1869 and the reservation of State forest in 1870, large saw millers mostly cut as much as they wanted until about 1880, when an export duty was put on timber to preserve supplies. Closer to the township the Barmah Common was reserved in about 1879 as a place for stock to be grazed, particularly in drought years.

A school was opened at Barmah in 1871, but the township was small with a hotel, a sale yard and a few houses. In 1894 a Barmah Village Settlement brought more people to the area. Timber-cutting rose and fell with demand, and was milled locally or at Echuca.

By the 1950s there was evidence that the weirs built on the Murray River for irrigation were decreasing the flood frequency in the Barmah forest. The change of rhythm decreased the germination of red gum seedlings and interfered with the breeding of water birds. Effluent from human and farm activity also adversely affected water quality. Flood regulators were installed by 1959.

During the 1920s Barmah became a destination for campers and fishermen. Its popularity has grown, particularly for canoeing during flood times. A bridge replaced the punt in 1966. The importance of the forest as a recreation area was reinforced by the opening of the Dharuya Centre (1985), jointly run by the State Government and the local Aboriginal community. It functions as a museum and an interpretation centre. In 1993 one of the three tribal groups in the area, the Yorta Yorta, made a land claimed under the Mabo legislation in respect of the forest.

Timber cutting and summer grazing continue. The State Forest comprises 28,500 ha., of which about 85% is red gum.

Barmah township has a hotel/motel, caravan park, Anglican and Catholic churches, a school, a boat ramp and picnic spots along the river.

Barmah's census populations have been 73 (1891), 328 (1911), 183 (1947) and 167 (1961).




Melbourne Link Barmah 3639 Link opens in new browser window






Link opens new page Content > View Category | Barmah | View Mobile Friendly Page

Link opens new page This Page > Update | Edit This Page


Click here to edit / update this page







Stay Tuned | Free Newsletter


Want all the latest Melbourne events and activities straight to your inbox?

Subscribe to our FREE weekly newsletter below to keep up to date with all the best events & activities for Melbourne. Newsletters are sent once a week every Tuesday!

Email Address*:


Melbourne * Requires confirmation Read FAQ | Read This Week's Newsletter

Facebook Twitter Google+ YouTube Instagram
See Events in June >
SunMonTueWedThuFriSat
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30


Featured
The Kid's Magic Gala
View The Kid's Magic Gala
Starring the Festivals finest kids entertainers The festival’s finest family magicians join | Read On..


The Fairy Magic Show
View The Fairy Magic Show
PERFECT SCHOOL HOLIDAY FAIRY FUN! Wear your favourite FAIRY DRESS and FAIRY WINGS and enjoy a | Read On..


The Confidence Artist
View The Confidence Artist
Nicholas J. Johnson is a liar and a cheat. Join him for this crash course in con artistry as | Read On..


Meta Illusion with E G Lee
View Meta Illusion with E G Lee
ILLUSIONIST EG (Eun Gyeol Lee) has popularised Magic and lead the Magic genre in Korea since | Read On..


Joshua Jay - star of 'Fool Us' - Live Magic
View Joshua Jay - star of 'Fool Us' - Live Magic
Joshua Jay is one of magic’s most revered performers and creators, and he has appeared on stages in | Read On..


Klika | Australian Online Department Store
View Klika | Australian Online Department Store
Klika has over 6,000 products for shoppers covering everything from fitness equipment, tools, home | Read On..


This Is Magic!
View This Is Magic!
THIS IS MAGIC! Starring Tim Ellis and Natalie You’ll see a girl LEVITATE right before your | Read On..


A Fine Romance: The Magic of Fred Astaire
View A Fine Romance:  The Magic of Fred Astaire
‘Can’t sing, can’t act, slightly balding, can dance a little.’ After playing to full houses and | Read On..


The Eagles Story - Live
View The Eagles Story - Live
The legend that is The Eagles now lives on through The Eagles Story. In a musical landscape | Read On..


Melbourne's Exclusive Magic Show
View Melbourne's Exclusive Magic Show
Witness Impossible Occurrences, one of Melbourne's most exclusive attractions. Award winning | Read On..


Greek Tavern Night | Saturday Nights
View Greek Tavern Night | Saturday Nights
Melbourne's best traditional GREEK night with live music, entertainment, dancing and Mediterranean | Read On..


Check Out
Aladdin – The Musical
View Aladdin – The Musical
Disney’s ALADDIN is the must-see show of the year and “Broadway’s biggest new hit! (Entertainment Weekly) From the producer of The Lion King, the | Read On..

Circus Oz - Model Citizens
View Circus Oz - Model Citizens
20 JUNE - 16 JULY Under the BIG TOP Circus Oz returns to Melbourne for our annual Winter spectacle, presenting MODEL CITZENS under the heated | Read On..

Mel's Pick
Bug Lab: Little Bugs, Super Powers
View Bug Lab: Little Bugs, Super Powers
Behold the marvels of the invertebrate world as giant bugs take over Melbourne Museum! Inspired | Read On..

Van Gogh and the Seasons
View Van Gogh and the Seasons
Melbourne Winter Masterpieces 2017 NGV - National Gallery of Victoria 28 April - 9 July 2017 | Read On..

Trending